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Center For Advance Studies In Physics (CASP)





The Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics (CASP) has emerged, in recent years, as hub for research and development (R&D) activities at GC University Lahore. The Centre aims at achieving high quality R & D activities in experimental physics by imparting training to researchers in high tech equipment. Establishment of new research laboratories equipped with sophisticated machinery like Pelletron Accelerator, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Scanning Probe Microscope (5PM), Lasers, Universal Material Testing Machine and RF Induction Furnace have made the Centre distinct among other Departments of the University.


The Centre began as the “High Tension Laboratory” in I 954 which was established by Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry (Sitara-e-Khidmat, Sitarae-lmtiaz, and Hilal-e-lmtiaz) for carrying out research in Atomic and Nuclear Physics. Intensive research was carried out in this laboratory by Dr. R. M. Chaudhry, his students and colleagues. This laboratory had among other facilities, a 1.2 million Volts Cockcroft-Walton particle accelerator for conducting experiments in Atomic and Nuclear Physics. In 1967, the first student of the Centre, Mr. Mustafa Yar Khan, was awarded the PhD Degree.


Dr. Samar Mubarakmand, an Old Ravian remained Director Nuclear Research Laboratory from 1974 to 1977. Research activities during his tenure were re-initiated under his dynamic leadership. In recognition of his meritorious services and outstanding contribution in the field of Nuclear Physics, Dr. Mubarakmand was awarded- SitaraeImtiaz (1993), HiIaI-e-lmtiaz (1998) and NishaneImtiaz (2003).


In 1986, Dr. Muhammad Zakria Butt was instrumental in establishing the Metal Research Laboratories, equipped with a microprocessor controlled Universal Materials Testing Machine (100KN capacity) along with other equipment to study mechanical properties of crystals and their relationship with microstructure. The Laser Physics Laboratory was also set up with carbon di-oxide laser to carry out research in laser induced.


In 1991, the Board of Governors of Government College Lahore amalgamated all these laboratories and renamed it as Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics (CASP) and a new building was constructed for the same.

Major advancements were made in research facilities and infrastructure during 2002-2008. Degree awarding academic Programmes, at both Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels were launched in Electronics and Telecommunications. Both the programmes got nation-wide recognition and now these programmes have successfully been shifted under a separate /independent Faculty of Engineering.

Centre is privileged to have Eminent Scientists like Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry ( 1954- 1965), Dr. Tahir Hussain (1965-1968), Nasir Ahmad Qureshi (1968- 1969), Dr. Mannan Yaseen (1969- 1972), Dr. Mustafa Yar Khan (1972-1974), Dr. Samar Mubarakmand (1974- 1977), Sh. Aftab Ahmad (1977- 1979), Noor Muhammad Chaudhry (1979- 1985), Dr. Muhammad Zakria Butt (1985- 1997), Dr. Shujaat Mahmood KhaIid (1997- 1998), Dr. Ijaz Mujtaba Ghauri (2000 to 20I I ), Dr. Riaz Ahmad (2011- till to date).

Keeping in view the tremendous advancements in science and technology, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan was approached in 2002 for the provision of funds. Grants of Rs. I 90 millions were obtained from the HEC for revamping the existing facilities and for establishing new research laboratories. A new multi-story building was constructed to house





Research Groups


The CASP has been divided into four major research groups:


1.                  Materials Science Research Group

2.                  Accelerator Research Group

3.                  Laser Research Group

4.                  Plasma Processing of Materials Group


These groups are carrying out extensive research work on different research projects. A number research papers are being published by these groups in the journals of international repute every year. Conducting of workshops, Conferences and Seminars is a regular activity arranged by these working groups.


Research Facilities at CASP


Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)


It can be used to obtain variety of information of a sample e.g. it can provide topographical, morphological, compositional and crystallographic information. It can also be used for quality assurance assessment, detection of corrosion in metals and to perform qualitative & semi-quantitative elemental analyses.


Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)


The TEM is highly sophisticated sate of the art instrument capable of carrying out Micro-Structural study of almost every kind of material including biological, metallic, polymer, and ceramic samples at an atomic level. It has a magnifying range of 1000-600,000 times with a very high resolution of 4 A0 (i.e. 4×10-10 m). The Transmission Electron Microscope installed at CASP is equipped with EDX system for X-ray micro analyses of the samples.


Pelletron Accelerator


GCU has the honor to have this kind of accelerator for the first time in the country. Pelletron accelerator has two active beam lines; one beam line is being effectively used for Proton Induced X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy (PIXE) analysis of materials by different science departments of the university. The second beam line is used for irradiation of materials. Thus we can carry out numerous research projects utilizing ions of different energies up to 4MeV for characterization and modification of materials.


RF-Induction Furnace


The furnace can be used for indigenous fabrication of different alloys of both ferrous and non-ferrous metals, to be used for advanced materials research and development activities.



Universal Testing Machine


The machine can be used to perform tensile tests of metals and alloys in the temperature range -180°C to 600°C. The tensile parameters like yield stress, ultimate tensile strength, percentage elongation, fracture toughness etc. can be determined using the computerized analytical facilities attached with the machine.


Scanning Probe Microscope


Scanning Probe Microscope (SPM) is used for surface morphology of almost all materials i.e. biological, metallic, polymers and ceramic samples at the atomic level with a three dimensional view. It has the ability to analyze the sample in any kind of environment, therefore high vacuum conditions are not required as in case of Electron Microscopes.


Micro-hardness Tester


The hardness tester is used to determine the hardness of different metals, alloys and polymers etc.


Metallurgical Microscope


This Microscope is suitable for microstructural study of all kind of samples The CCD camera attached with the scope can capture images magnified in the range 50 to 1000 times.


Nd:YAG Laser


This special type of laser is used for material modification, plasma formation and pulsed laser deposition of thin films.


Excimer Laser


Laser Ablation and pulsed laser deposition for fabrication of thin films are the major uses of Excimer laser.


Laser-induced breakdown Spectrometer


Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and elemental analysis under different ambient environments are the major uses of this spectrometer.


Ti-Sapphire Laser


This is a state of the art laser and is widely used for ultrashot laser-matter interaction processes, femtosecond laser induced spectroscopy and pulsed laser deposition of thin films.


Plasma Technology Lab


The plasma technology lab contains dense plasma focus and cold plasma devices. Plasma diagnostics are being done using Langmuir probe and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). These devices are also used to deposit the various films on substrates.


Sample Preparation Facilities


Sample preparation lab is equipped with a number of different machines which can prepare samples according to the requirements of different High Tech Labs.


The research activities at CASP are aimed at exploring scientific facts primarily related to materials analysis and modification with intent to tailor properties of materials, to check archeological samples for applications in medicine and to help plan environmental improvement methods using high tech research equipment of the centre. CASP has produced scientists who have made their mark in prestigious research organizations like the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), A.Q. Khan Research Laboratories, the National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM), the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) and the National Institute of Silicon Technology (NIST). The outgoing graduates of the Centre are in a great demand at R & D organizations of the country.


Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry Chair


The Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry Chair in Experimental Physics has been established at CASP to pay homage to its founder, Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry, and to ensure that his tradition of research continues to burgeon. Dr. Shoaib Ahmad has been appointed as Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry Professor in Experimental Physics.


CASP Library


The CASP Library provides a collection of information resources for researchers. A number of computers are also provided for students to connect to the Internet and access electronic catalogues.



MPhil Applied Physics




Course Code

Course Title

Credit Hours


Physics of materials



Laser Physics



Experimental Plasma Physics



Experimental Techniques




Note: Four courses will be selected from the table given below


Laser Matter Interaction



Applied Optics



Accelerator Physics



Laboratory work



Advanced Magnetic Materials and Devices Theory



Semiconductor Physics






Nanomaterials and Renewable Energy



Semester III & IV






PhD Applied Physics



Semester I

Course Code

Course Title

Credit Hours


Transmission Electron Microscopy for Materials Science



Soft Condensed Matter Physics



Some Essential Techniques used in Materials Sciences


Note: Other courses can be opted from department of Physics GCU Lahore.




Centre for advanced Studies in Physics (CASP)




Area of Interest

Prof. Dr. Shazia Bashir, *

PhD (TU Austria)


Laser-matter interaction, Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and Plasma characterization, Pulsed laser deposition of thin films, Micro/nanostructuring of materials by laser and ion irradiation Impact factor

Dr. Naveed Afzal,

PhD (USM Malaysia)

Associate Professor

Material Science

Dr. Nawaz Muhammad,

PhD (Utrecht University)

Assistant Professor

Earth Sciences / Salt Rheology & Transport Properties

Dr. Mohsin Rafique

PhD (Hanyang University)

Assistant Professor (IPFP) Accelerator Physics

Mr. Syed Tahir Abbas,

MPhil (PU)

Assistant Professor

Material Science

Mr. Athar Naeem Akhtar,

MPhil (PU)

Assistant Professor

Accelerator Physics

Mr. Shahzad Saadat,


Assistant Professor

Accelerator Physics

Mr. Khaliq Mahmood,

MPhil (UET)

Assistant Professor

Laser Physics

Dr. Tousif Hussain,


Assistant Professor

Plasma Physics/Materials Science

Dr. Ghulam Murtaza

PhD (PU)

Assistant Professor

Material Science

Mr. M. Ahsan Shafique,

MPhil. (GCUL) (On Study Leave)

Lecturer Material Science

Ms Asma Hayat,

MPhil (UET)

Lecturer Laser Physics

Ms Sobia Saher,

MPhil (UET)

Lecturer Material Science

Mr. Rana Muhammad Ayub,

MPhil (GCUL)


Material Science

Mr. Farrukh Ehtesham Mubarik,

M.Phil (GCUL)


Plasma Physics, Material Science

Ms Mahreen Akram,

MPhil (GCUL)


Laser Physics

Mr. Muhammad Shahnawaz,

MPhil (GCUL)


Accelerator Physics

Mr. Zeeshan Zaheer,

Mphil (GCUL)


Material Science

Mr. Sajjad Ahmad,

MPhil (UET)    


Material Science

Mr. Muhammad Sabtain Abbas,

MPhil (GCUL)

Lecturer Plasma Materials Processing

Dr. Rafi M. Chaudri Chair

Prof. Dr. M. Zakaullah

PhD (Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad)

Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhri Chair Professor

Experimental Plasma Physics

* HEC Approved Supervisor


Journals & Publications



No Data available for Web



Contact Us


Prof. Dr. Shazia Bashir


Centre for Advanced Studies in Physics (CASP)

1-Church Road, GC University, Lahore

Phone: +92 (42) 99211589




CASP Department

Center For Advance Studies In Physics


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